Chiron - What is a fag?
Juan - It's a word that people use to make gays feel bad.
Chiron - Am I a fag?
Juan - No. You can be gay, but you can't let anyone call you a fag.
- Moonlight: Under the Moonlight, 2016
For a long time, prejudice and stereotypes emerged to minimize and / or devalue homosexuals. In World War II, many suffered from the Nazi regime's segregationist policies and, over time, the attacks became more and more intense. 1969 saw the beginning of the gay movement around the world. On June 28 of that year, many homosexuals who were at the Stonewall bar in New York, revolted against the persecution made by police and this day became the date of the LGBT movement.
Since then, there have been many demands from the community, among which the fight against homophobia is the main agenda in the country, since Brazil is the place where the most aggression and kills gays, lesbians, bisexuals and especially transvestites and transsexuals. Therefore, there is a need to give visibility to these people. Taking this premise into account, how to guarantee their inclusion? How to adopt public policies that recognize them as citizens? How to give support to these people in the professional, social and even in relation to health? These are the challenges that many face when they present themselves as members of that minority. But what does each acronym that make up this community mean?
Previously, the acronym "GLS" (Gays, lesbians and supporters) was used, but it is no longer popular and international organizations such as the UN and Amnesty International adopt the acronym "LGBT" (lesbians, gays, bisexuals and transsexuals). Despite this, within the community the acronyms are diverse and today we have a more complete version which is LGBTPQIA +. Do you know the meaning of each letter?
T: Transvestites, Transsexuals and Transgender
+: Symbol of inclusion of people who do not sympathize with any of the other seven letters, but who are proud to be part of this community.
It is essential to build content for this audience, which, even if appointed as a minority, is a large part of society. According to the Secretariat of Tourism, the 2019 LGBT parade handled R$ 403 million, 40% higher than the one pointed out in the 2018 edition. In addition, the number of visitors increased by 78%. These data demonstrate a great purchasing power of this public, not to mention that according to the IBGE (Brazilian Index of Geography and Statistics) the homosexual population in Brazil is estimated at 20 million.
In charge of the country that kills the most LGBT people in the world, with thoughtless lines, the president says he is homophobic. “Being gay is a lack of beating”, speech from when he was still a parliamentarian. Despite this, Brazil is the stage for the largest LGBT pride parade in the world. It's about claiming rights, being free, being able to walk on the street without being verbally or physically assaulted, being respected, being able to modify your body if you want, the right to be accepted. It is about taking to the streets and defending existence, defending the right to survive in a country that kills people just for their existence. About 50 years ago, homosexuality was considered a disease that was part of the WHO (World Health Organization) list. Despite this, the community constantly fights for other issues that they find relevant for citizens to live in a dignified manner free from prejudice and with total respect.
Thinking about it, how has it been in the audiovisual? Is the LGBT community seen beyond the aspect of sexuality or do stereotypes created to devalue these people still persist? Can filmmakers manage to represent homosexuality in its complexity, not in a stereotyped or negative way? The discussion of the theme takes into account the premise that the content published by the traditional media does not intend to bring representation to the LGBT public and, therefore, does not give priority to the voice of this community, nor to articles aimed exclusively at this audience, where readers' experiences could be exchanged, bringing representativeness and a sense of belonging to this community. Check out our selection of productions below that show that EVERY FORM OF LOVE MATTERS!
Moonlight: Under the Moonlight - Three moments in the life of Chiron, a young black man living in a poor Miami community. From childhood bullying, through the adolescent identity crisis and the temptation of the crime and drug universe, this is a poetic character study. Moonlight, is more than a simple film, it is a reflection on the reality that many people live in search of an identity. A sensitive film to tell the story of a black boy strolling through themes such as bullying, prejudice, drugs, sexual discoveries all in the face of an attentive look at the character at all stages of his life: as a child discovering himself, in adolescence with problems surfacing and finally in adulthood with the world at your feet.
The Danish girl - Biography of Lili Elbe (Eddie Redmayne), who was born Einar Mogens Wegener and was the first person to undergo surgery for gender change. Focus on the Danish painter's loving relationship with Gerda (Alicia Vikander) and his discovery as a woman. Complicated, Sensitive, Instigating, Delicate, Exciting. At certain times, the film with its splendid photography aligned with a magnificent script. Who is the Danish girl in the title? In fact, it should be The Danish Girls, because it is about the courage, strength and love of both and in this story, a lot has been won, but a lot has been lost and in the search for our “me”, we need more than any support, respect and understanding.
Todxs We - The series shows how this universe is rich in information and diversity. Unfortunately, it is still a subject permeated with prejudice, not only by those who see it from the outside, but by those who are inside. We are currently surrounded by labels. We are molded from pre-existing concepts that end up defining how we should act, how to dress, how to speak and so on ... This does not define what we really are. Much has been said about representativeness in the LGBTQIA + environment. There have been many press guidelines that address this sensitive topic. The series shows that it is necessary that we have a look, an open view about the different. Accepting and respecting is evidence of empathy. Scenes in which show how prejudice and the culture of machismo is ingrained in our society are very striking and are important and relevant topics to be addressed in the original production of HBO.
Carol - Young Therese Belivet (Rooney Mara) has a tedious job in the toy section of a department store. One day, she meets the elegant Carol Aird (Cate Blanchett), a client looking for a Christmas present for her daughter. Carol, who is divorcing Harge (Kyle Chandler), is also not happy with her life. The two get closer and closer and, when Harge prevents her from spending Christmas with her daughter, Carol invites Therese to take a trip through the United States. This feature has neither the pretension nor the premise of being a controversial film, more of a love story, it thrills more than it shocks. Todd Haynes' direction is purely conceptual and sensitive, nothing is expository or melodramatic. It is a sublime and masterful production.
Call Me By Your Name - Perlman, the sensitive and only son of the American family of Italian and French descent, Elio (Timothée Chalamet), is facing another lazy summer at his parents' house in the beautiful and languid Italian landscape. But everything changes when Oliver (Armie Hammer), an academic who came to help his father's research, arrives. It's an engaging film, has great scenery and an incredible script. The actors are not caricatures which makes the film even better. A film that portrays homosexuality in the sweetest and most bitter way possible.
Blue is the hottest color - The feature is a beautiful production. Full of details, like the blue color always present in all scenes, the feature represents love, with the bonus of showing life and youth in France, with demonstrations and school life there. In fact, he was asking the actors if youth really is participatory like that and the answer was yes, "everything is a reason to go to the street to protest and, even, many people end up protesting just to miss class," said Exarchopoulos. Even simple, the film is full of controversies. To begin with, the obvious: lesbian love. It is to be imagined that in the middle of 2013 people would start to accept differences better but the criticisms attacking the French work prove that the human being still has a lot to evolve.
Rocketman - The trajectory of how the timid Reginald Dwight (Taron Egerton) became Elton John, icon of pop music. Since his complicated childhood, the result of his father's neglect of his family, his life story is told through the reinterpretation of the superstar's songs, including the singer's relationship with the composer and professional partner Bernie Taupin (Jamie Bell) and the businessman and ex -lover John Reid (Richard Madden). It is much easier for a gay person to accept himself, when he sees his story being told in the cinema, in the soap opera, in short, being represented. And just as it is easier for him to accept himself, it is easier for him not to accept himself due to the great repercussion of malicious comments and reflections existing on social networks, on websites, in advertisements, in short, in society and this retracts his inner self , who suffers for not being who he really wants to be. We need a mirror to guide us and it is in these characters that we find characteristics similar to ours, to find ourselves in front of others. And in a way, Rocketman does that.
You can't imagine - In You can't imagine it's not about staying with someone or not. It's about finding out who you really are. About getting to know each other better. With a well-written script, a well-developed plot, with unexpected events, captivating actors and characters, Netflix knows how to deliver a good production. Written and directed by Alice Wu, the feature shows that from the respect that we manage to be more tolerant and better people and most importantly, before understanding the other, we need to understand ourselves, our needs, love, desires, wants, in short, our hearts. It is the gay and more “cult” version of Lara Jean's trilogy.