Throughout history, prejudice and stereotypes have emerged to minimize and / or devalue homosexuals. In World War II, many suffered from the Nazi regime's segregationist policies and, over time, the attacks became more and more intense. 1969 saw the start of the gay movement around the world. On June 28 of that year, many homosexuals who were at the Stonewall bar in New York, revolted against the persecution made by police and this day became the date of the LGBT movement.
Since then, there are many demands from the community, among which the fight against homophobia, is the main agenda in the country, since Brazil is the place where the most aggression and kills gays, lesbians, bisexuals and especially, transvestites and transsexuals. . Therefore, there is a need to give visibility to these people. Taking this premise into account, how to guarantee their inclusion? How to adopt public policies that recognize them as citizens? How to give support to these people in the professional, social and even in relation to health? These are the challenges that many face when they present themselves as members of that minority.
It is essential to build content for this audience, which, even if appointed as a minority, is a large part of society. According to the Secretariat of Tourism, the 2019 LGBT parade handled R$ 403 million, 40% higher than the one pointed out in the 2018 edition. In addition, the number of visitors increased by 78%. These data demonstrate a great purchasing power of this public, not to mention that according to the IBGE (Brazilian Index of Geography and Statistics) the homosexual population in Brazil is estimated at 20 million.
Thinking about it, how has it been in the audiovisual? Is the LGBT community seen beyond the aspect of sexuality or do stereotypes created to devalue these people still persist? Can filmmakers manage to represent homosexuality in its complexity, not in a stereotyped or negative way? The discussion of the topic takes into account the premise that the content published by the traditional media does not intend to bring representation to the LGBT public and, therefore, does not give priority to the voice of this community, nor to matters aimed exclusively at this audience, where readers' experiences could be exchanged, bringing representativeness and a sense of belonging to this community. Therefore, this top is dedicated to this community. Check it out below.
1. The Danish Girl
Biography of Lili Elbe (Eddie Redmayne), who was born Einar Mogens Wegener and was the first person to undergo gender change surgery. Focus on the Danish painter's loving relationship with Gerda (Alicia Vikander) and her discovery as a woman.
Complicated, sensitive, thought provoking, delicate, exciting. At certain times, the film with its splendid photography aligned with a magnificent script. Who is the Danish girl in the title? In fact, it should be The Danish Girls, because it is about the courage, strength and love of both and in this story, a lot has been won, but a lot has been lost and in the search for our “I”, we need more than any support, respect and understanding.